Grade 4

Writing Standards

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.1.A Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writer’s purpose.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.1.B Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.1.C Link opinion and reasons using words and phrases (e.g., for instancein order toin addition).
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.1.D Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1-3 above.)
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.5 With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1-3 up to and including grade 4 here.)
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.7 Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.8 Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

Engineering Standards

3-5-ETS1-1  Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time or cost. ETS1.A  Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems
Possible solutions to a problem are limited by available materials and resources (constraints). The success of a designed solution is determined by considering the desired features of a solution (criteria). Different proposals for solutions can be compared on the basis of how well each one meets the specified criteria for success or how well each takes the constraints into account.
3-5-ETS1-2  Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem. ETS1.B  Developing Possible Solutions
Research on a problem should be carried out before beginning to design a solution. Testing a solution involves investigating how well it performs under a range of likely conditions.At whatever stage, communicating with peers about proposed solutions is an important part of the design process, and shared ideas can lead to improved designs.
3-5-ETS1-3  Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved. ETS1.A  Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems
Tests are often designed to identify failure points or difficulties, which suggest the elements of the design that need to be improved.

ETS1.C  Optimizing the Design Solutions
Different solutions need to be tested in order to determine which of them best solves the problem, given the criteria and the constraints.

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